Flight bans over sensitive areas

Flight bans over sensitive areas
Various types of sport may also have a negative impact. © Manfred Schimmel/ pixelio.de

Involved sectors

Tourism and leisure, Nature protection, Local population/citizens, Other: Sports Associations

Affected habitats

Forest, Shrubs and wooded areas, Bogs and fens, wetlands, Alpine habitats, Grassland, Arable land, Areas for settlements and transport, Waterbodies


Many near-natural landscapes and landscapes which are valuable from a nature conservation perspective are very attractive recreational spaces, for besides offering ideal conditions for sports and leisure, they also offer very special experiences of nature. With the increasing pressure of use, however, conflicts can emerge between the interests of “nature consumers” and nature conservation objectives. These may affect areas which constitute important habitats for rare and sensitive species and which are of major importance for the biotope network. Various types of sport (kite-flying, paragliding, gliding) may also have a negative impact. With the development of quiet zones and the simultaneous creation of alternative offers for sportspersons and holiday-makers in areas which are relatively tolerant of disturbance, incentives can be created for sportspersons to abandon those areas which are highly sensitive to disturbance. The provision of attractive substitute sites is intended to create “win-win situations”.


Impact in particular on Small mammals, Big mammals, Birds
Ecological impact  
Improvement or preservation of habitats Calming measures for individual areas particularly sensitive to disturbance lead to an improvement in the habitat quality of sensitive species (e.g. black grouse).
Element of ecological network Depending on the quality of the areas and on the species occuring in them, valuable areas from a nature conservation perspective constitute important elements of an ecological network.
Time of realisation for measure Immediate: The positive impacts of suitable strategies are noticeable immediately after implementation; long-term acceptance, however, will probably only emerge over time.
Impact scope Regional: Strategies should be planned with a broader spatial perspective, otherwise conflicts will merely be shifted into neighbouring areas.


Implementation period Years: The procedure should be based on intensive participation by all stakeholder groups to enable feasible solutions, with majority support, to be developed for the conflict situation.
Frequency Recurring: Requires long-term action adapted to actual needs.

Economic and legal aspects

Costs Medium (10'000-100'000 EUR): The planning process, which is based on the involvement of all stakeholders, requires a long period of time, and scientific studies must be produced.
Socio-economic impacts Low: No negative impacts are expected if alternative flight areas are provided.
Sources of financing Private sponsor, Public: local, Public: regional, Public: national, Public: European
Legal situation Voluntary agreement.

Further information

Evaluation In the Upper Rhön region (Bavaria, Germany), as part of a close cooperation between aviation sport and nature conservation representatives, an agreement was formulated between 1998 and 2003 which was supported by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). The agreement between the Society for the Promotion of Gliding on the Wasserkuppe and the Biosphere Reserve Authority contains clear and tried-and-tested regulations.
Information Germany: A project report published in the BfN-Skripten series is available on the internet and contains information on the entire planning process: http://www.bfn.de/fileadmin/MDB/documents/skript83_text.pdf
Contact Germany: Expert support at the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation: Michael Pütsch

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