Connectivity measures with support from church-owned land

Connectivity measures with support from church-owned land
The churches are important owners of land and farmland. © Rainer Sturm/

Involved sectors

Agriculture, Forestry, Nature protection, Local population/citizens, Other: Church

Affected habitats

Forest, Shrubs and wooded areas, Bogs and fens, wetlands, Alpine habitats, Grassland, Arable land, Areas for settlements and transport, Waterbodies


The churches are important owners of land and farmland which are also suitable for the creation of a network of interlinked biotopes, and can thus serve as an important partner in the planning of biotope network measures. If the church backs the development of a biotope network and works actively to ensure that appropriate measures are implemented on its property, the tenants can also be sensitised to the importance of the biotope network, and the tenancies are then linked to the implementation of relevant measures. In order to increase acceptance of the biotope network and plan appropriate measures, the planning process should involve as many different stakeholders as possible (besides church workers, this should include nature conservation experts, local community representatives, farmers etc.). Appropriate public relations work can be used to encourage similar initiatives in other regions.


Impact in particular on Small mammals, Big mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians, Birds, Insects
Ecological impact  
Improvement or preservation of habitats Depending on the measures and habitats concerned, the quality of individual habitats is improved.
Element of ecological network With appropriate planning, church land can form elements of an ecological network, perhaps even on a transregional basis.
Time of realisation for measure Months: The impacts depend heavily on the measures and ecosystems concerned.
Impact scope Local (municipality): Integrating the measure into an overall strategy increases its impact accordingly.


Implementation period Months: Here, too, the duration of the measures to be implemented is dependent on the measures involved, and the preparation and planning will also take time.
Frequency Non-recurring, Recurring: Single or repeated action, depending on type of measure.

Economic and legal aspects

Costs Low (1'000-10'000 EUR): Many different measures can be planned and implemented depending on the situation at the outset and the conditions of the land involved.
Socio-economic impacts Low: Subsidies can increase the incomes of the farmers involved or can offset any additional costs incurred.
Sources of financing Private sponsor, Public: local, Public: regional
Legal situation Suitable measures can be promoted by cultural landscape and countryside management programmes.

Further information

Evaluation Two such initiatives have already been implemented in Germany which have been very successful and are to be continued (a biotope network with church land in Bavaria and a biotope network with the help of church land in Saxony-Anhalt).
Information Other: , or
Contact Germany: Information from the Association for the Protection of Nature in Bavaria (BN), Hof group, contact person: Klaus Schaumberg

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